What Are The Major Organs Of The Urinary System Quizlet?

What are the two major functions of the urinary system?

Two kidneys.Remove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus..

What are common diseases of the urinary system?

Common causes of urinary disordersBenign prostatic hyperplasia (enlargement of the prostate)Cancers or benign tumors.Dehydration.Infections of the urinary tract.Interstitial cystitis (conditions involving chronic inflammation of the bladder)Kidney diseases.Kidney or urinary tract stones.Post-vasectomy syndrome.More items…

What is renal fascia and what is its function quizlet?

What is the purpose of the renal fascia? It is the anchoring outer layer of dense fibrous connective tissue.

Which organ system is the slow acting control system of the body?

Endocrine systemExamsQuestionAnswerSlow-acting body control systemEndocrine systemHouses blood cells involved in immunityLymphatic systemSite of hematopoiesis, organ protection, and mineral storageSkeletal systemRegulation of water, electrolytes and removal of nitrogenous wastesUrinary system31 more rows

How do kidneys regulate fluid?

The kidneys, in concert with neural and endocrine input, regulate the volume and osmolality of the extracellular fluid by altering the amount of sodium and water excreted. This is accomplished primarily through alterations in sodium and water reabsorption, the mechanisms of which differ within each nephron segment.

What is the storage organ of the urinary system?

The urinary bladder is a temporary storage reservoir for urine. The urethra is the final passageway for the flow of urine. The flow of urine through the urethra is controlled by an involuntary internal urethral sphincter and voluntary external urethral sphincter.

What are four functions of the urinary system quizlet?

Terms in this set (10)maintain blood volume and composition. excrete nitrogenous waste. … Maintains blood VOLUME and COMPOSITION. urinary system; balancing PH, water, salts, acids and bases.nitrogenous waste. … urine formation. … Hormone production. … Nephrology. … Filtration. … Reabsorption.More items…

What color is urine when your kidneys are failing?

When kidneys are failing, the increased concentration and accumulation of substances in urine lead to a darker color which may be brown, red or purple. The color change is due to abnormal protein or sugar, high levels of red and white blood cells, and high numbers of tube-shaped particles called cellular casts.

What three hormones factors do the kidneys secrete into the blood?

The kidney secretes (1) renin, a key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) that leads to the production of a potent pressor hormone angiotensin, and produces the following hormones and humoral factors: (2) kallikreins, a group of serine pro- teases that act on blood proteins to produce a vasorelaxing peptide …

What organs make up the urinary system quizlet?

Organs of the urinary system are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra Brooks, Myrna LaFleur.

What are the 7 functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functions Balance the body’s fluids. Balance a variety of electrolytes. Release hormones to control blood pressure. Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.

What are 3 functions of the urinary system?

The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.

What is the path of urine?

The tubule adjusts the level of salts, water, and wastes that will leave the body in the urine. Filtered blood leaves the kidney through the renal vein and flows back to the heart. Pee leaves the kidneys and travels through the ureters to the bladder. The bladder expands as it fills.

What is the major function of the urinary system quizlet?

What are the functions of the Urinary System? The main function is to eliminate waste from the body. The kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, and the urethra all work to clean up the waste made by the cells in the body.

What is the main function of the kidneys?

The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream. The kidneys receive a high blood flow and this is filtered by very specialised blood vessels.

What is urine made of?

Pee is your body’s liquid waste. It’s mainly made of water, salt, electrolytes such as potassium and phosphorus, and chemicals called urea and uric acid.

Where is urine stored?

Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time.

What are the major organs of the urinary system?

The organs of the urinary system include the kidneys, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder and urethra.