What Are Four Functions Of The Urinary System?

What is the main function of the kidneys?

The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream.

The kidneys receive a high blood flow and this is filtered by very specialised blood vessels..

What are some disorders of the urinary system?

Some of the more common problems of the urinary system include:Bladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.More items…•

What is urine made of?

Pee is your body’s liquid waste. It’s mainly made of water, salt, electrolytes such as potassium and phosphorus, and chemicals called urea and uric acid. Your kidneys make it when they filter toxins and other bad stuff from your blood.

What does the urinary system regulate?

The urinary system maintains blood homeostasis by filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream and secreting waste.

What are the 2 functions of the urinary system?

The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.

What is the most important part of the urinary system?

The kidneys form the urine and account for the other functions attributed to the urinary system. The ureters carry the urine away from kidneys to the urinary bladder, which is a temporary reservoir for the urine. The urethra is a tubular structure that carries the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside.

What is the function of the urinary bladder quizlet?

To filter the hazardous nitrogenous wastes from the breakdown of proteins such as creatinine and urea. What is the function of the urinary system with the water? To reabsorb the water lost during filtration. To prevent constant urination and dehydratation.

How does the urinary system affect other body systems?

The urinary system works as a filter, removing toxins and wastes from your body through urine. It uses a series of tubes and ducts to pass this waste. These tubes are connected to your blood vessels and digestive system. Your urinary system helps the rest of your body work properly.

Where is urine formed?

The nephrons of the kidneys process blood and create urine through a process of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion. Urine is about 95% water and 5% waste products. Nitrogenous wastes excreted in urine include urea, creatinine, ammonia, and uric acid.

What are common bladder problems?

Signs of a bladder problem can include:Inability to hold urine or leaking urine (called urinary incontinence)Needing to urinate eight or more times in one day.Waking up many times at night to urinate.Sudden and urgent need to urinate.Pain or burning before, during, or after urinating.Cloudy or bloody urine.More items…

What are the functions of the urinary bladder?

The bladder stores urine, allowing urination to be infrequent and controlled. The bladder is lined by layers of muscle tissue that stretch to hold urine. The normal capacity of the bladder is 400-600 mL. During urination, the bladder muscles squeeze, and two sphincters (valves) open to allow urine to flow out.

What are the main functions of the urinary system quizlet?

What are the functions of the Urinary System? The main function is to eliminate waste from the body. The kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, and the urethra all work to clean up the waste made by the cells in the body.

What are three important functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and drugs from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Release hormones to regulate blood pressure.Control production of red blood cells.

What are the six functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functions Balance the body’s fluids. Balance a variety of electrolytes. Release hormones to control blood pressure. Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.

What are the 7 functions of the kidneys?

KIDNEYSRegulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.

How many parts are in the urinary bladder?

The bladder consists of two sets of lateral and central lobes.

What are four functions of the urinary system quizlet?

Terms in this set (10)maintain blood volume and composition. excrete nitrogenous waste. … Maintains blood VOLUME and COMPOSITION. urinary system; balancing PH, water, salts, acids and bases.nitrogenous waste. … urine formation. … Hormone production. … Nephrology. … Filtration. … Reabsorption.More items…

How does urinary system regulate blood pressure?

When blood pressure is elevated, the kidneys can help to reduce blood pressure by reducing the volume of blood in the body. The kidneys are able to reduce blood volume by reducing the reabsorption of water into the blood and producing watery, dilute urine.

What are the 5 functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus.

Can you live without a bladder?

Advertisement. After having your bladder removed, your surgeon also needs to create a urinary diversion — a new way to store urine and have it leave your body. There are multiple ways that urine can be stored and eliminated after bladder removal.

What is the main function of the urinary system BrainPOP?

Movie Player Require Flash In this BrainPOP movie, Tim and Moby introduce one main way in which water helps your body: urination. You’ll learn all about the urinary system, how cells produce wastes, and how those wastes are removed from your body.