Quick Answer: What Is The Most Aggressive Form Of Bladder Cancer?

What are the 3 types of bladder cancer?

The 3 main types of bladder cancer are:Urothelial carcinoma.

Urothelial carcinoma (or UCC) accounts for about 90% of all bladder cancers.

Squamous cell carcinoma.

Squamous cells develop in the bladder lining in response to irritation and inflammation.

Adenocarcinoma..

Does bladder cancer spread fast?

High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade. They are rarely life threatening.

What stage is high grade bladder cancer?

Most commonly, people with high-grade noninvasive (stage 0a), carcinoma in situ (stage 0is), or non-muscle-invasive (stage I) bladder cancer are treated with TURBT, followed by local intravesical immunotherapy using Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (or BCG, see “Immunotherapy” in Types of Treatment).

Where does bladder cancer spread first?

Bladder cancer can spread this way. If it does, it usually first spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis, surrounding the bladder (called perivesicular lymph nodes). From there, it can spread to lymph nodes that are close to major blood vessels that run into the leg and pelvis.

Is bladder cancer an aggressive cancer?

It has not grown in toward the hollow part of the bladder, and it has not spread to the thick layer of muscle or connective tissue of the bladder (Tis, N0, M0). This is always a high-grade cancer (see “Grades,” below) and is considered an aggressive disease because it can often lead to muscle-invasive disease.

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

Even after reporting the problem to their doctors, blood in the urine may be initially misdiagnosed as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or as a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

What is the most aggressive type of bladder cancer?

Muscle invasive bladder cancer is a serious and more advanced stage of bladder cancer. MIBC is when the cancer has grown far into the wall of the bladder (Stages T2 and beyond).

What is the prognosis for high grade bladder cancer?

In patients with high-risk NMIBC, there is a consistent 30% to 35% initial treatment failure rate and about 50% of patients relapse at 5 years after treatment. Beyond 5 years, a consistent but slower failure rate of 4% has been observed and nearly 90% recur by 15 years.

Is aggressive bladder cancer curable?

When treated early and appropriately, most bladder cancers (even muscle-invasive) are potentially curable. Still, some patients with aggressive bladder cancer will ultimately die of their cancer.

What are the chances of dying from bladder cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. The overall 10-year survival rate is 70% and the overall 15-year survival rate is 65%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed.

What happens in the final stages of bladder cancer?

Cancer cells may have spread to organs close to the bladder or those further away, such as the liver or lungs. The signs and symptoms of bladder cancer that has spread to other parts of the body include: tiredness or weakness. pain when urinating.

Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?

Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.