Quick Answer: What Factors Contribute To The Spread Of Disease?

How is health affected by poverty?

Poverty and low-income status are associated with a variety of adverse health outcomes, including shorter life expectancy, higher rates of infant mortality, and higher death rates for the 14 leading causes of death.

These effects are mediated through individual- and community-level mechanisms..

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What are the 5 ways to prevent lifestyle diseases?

Tips to prevent lifestyle diseasesEat more of green veggies, fresh fruits, calcium & fiber rich foods.Switch to whole grain/multi grain flour.Reduce your portion size and eat at regular intervals (every 2 hours)Eliminate or at least try to limit the consumption of oily food.Replace junk food with healthy snacks.Drink plenty of water.

What are the 4 major body fluids?

Common Bodily Fluids – What Makes the List?Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What are the 4 main routes for infection to enter the body?

Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.

Can a bacteria be cured?

Most bacterial diseases can be treated with antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Viruses pose a challenge to the body’s immune system because they hide inside cells.

What are the five key ways in which infection can spread?

Infections can be spread through these 5 different ways:Physical contact. Infections, especially skin contagions, are spread by direct physical contact. … Droplet spreading. Colds, strep throat etc. … Contaminated items. … Bowel movements. … Exposure to blood.

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

Which steps would you take to prevent the spread of germs from a sick person?

Keep your germs to yourself:Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose.Discard used tissues in the trash as soon as you can.Always wash your hands after sneezing, blowing your nose, or coughing, or after touching used tissues or handkerchiefs.More items…

How do virus enter the body?

Humans can become infected by a virus in contaminated food or water. The virus enters the body through the stomach or bowels when the contaminated food or water is swallowed. Viruses spread through food or water often affect the gastrointestinal tract and cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Which of the following factors can influence the emergence or reemergence of infectious diseases?

As we all know, multiple factors, including economic development, climate changes and land use, human demographics and behavior, and international travel and commercial activities, contribute to the emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases (8, 9) .

What disease has no cure?

Some of the common medical conditions of people requiring care at the end of life include:cancer.dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease.stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.Huntington’s disease.muscular dystrophy.More items…•

What are the effects of poor health?

It’s also clear that while low income contributes to poor health status, poor health can also contribute to lower income. Poor health can limit one’s ability to work, reduce economic opportunities, inhibit educational attainment, and lead to medical debt and bankruptcy.

What are the 4 ways diseases spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What factors contribute to the emergence of an infectious disease quizlet?

What are the six factors involved in the emergence of these diseases? world population, urbanization, deforestation, climate changes, natural disasters, and technological advances.

What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

What are the principles of prevention of diseases?

How Can Disease Be Prevented?Hygienic conditions should be maintained in the surroundings we live in. … Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases.Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes.

How can the chain of infection be prevented?

Break the chain by cleaning your hands frequently, staying up to date on your vaccines (including the flu shot), covering coughs and sneezes and staying home when sick, following the rules for standard and contact isolation, using personal protective equipment the right way, cleaning and disinfecting the environment, …

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

Modes of transmissionDirect. Direct contact. Droplet spread.Indirect. Airborne. Vehicleborne. Vectorborne (mechanical or biologic)

What are two major contributing factors to emerging diseases?

Factors that have contributed to these changes are population growth, migration from rural areas to cities, international air travel, poverty, wars, and destructive ecological changes due to economic development and land use.

Which of the following infectious disease is considered a newly emerging disease?

A newly emerging disease is a disease that has never been recognized before. HIV/AIDS is a newly emerging disease, as is severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Nipah virus encephalitis, and variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (vCJD) (see Figure 1).

What are the 3 factors that cause disease?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

Why poor health is the major cause of disease?

Overcrowded and poor living conditions can contribute to the spread of airborne diseases such as tuberculosis and respiratory infections such as pneumonia. Reliance on open fires or traditional stoves can lead to deadly indoor air pollution. A lack of food, clean water and sanitation can also be fatal.

How can we prevent diseases?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How you can prevent and manage health issues?

Eat healthy foods. Following a healthy, balanced diet can help you to maintain a healthy weight, lower your cholesterol and reduce your risk for disease. Choose high fibre, lower fat foods and 5-10 servings of fruit and vegetables every day.

Can you catch a disease from urine?

If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses. Body fluids, such as sweat, tears, vomit or urine may contain and pass on these viruses when blood is present in the fluid, but the risk is low.