- What is the countercurrent mechanism Why is it important?
- Where is urine most concentrated?
- Where are Vasa recta found?
- What is the difference between Vasa recta and peritubular capillaries?
- Does the distal convoluted tubule reabsorb water?
- What role do the Vasa recta play in urine formation?
- Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
- What does the Vasa recta contain?
- What is the shape of Vasa recta?
- What is the function of the cortical nephron?
- What are the Vasa recta quizlet?
- Is the Vasa recta high or low pressure?
- Why is Vasa recta absent in cortical nephron?
- What is the role of the vasa recta in the urinary system quizlet?
- What is Vasa recta Class 11?
- What is Vasa recta and its function?
- Is Vasa recta present in cortical nephron?
- What is the function of the Vasa recta peritubular capillaries?
- What is a urine output of less than 500 mL day called?
- What is the difference between a cortical and Juxtamedullary nephron?
What is the countercurrent mechanism Why is it important?
The counter-current multiplier or the countercurrent mechanism is used to concentrate urine in the kidneys by the nephrons of the human excretory system.
The nephrons involved in the formation of concentrated urine extend all the way from the cortex of the kidney to the medulla and are accompanied by vasa recta..
Where is urine most concentrated?
Maximum concentration occurs at the bottom of the loop. The ascending limb of the nephron loop is impermeable to water, but Na + and Cl – are pumped out into the surrounding fluids by active transport. As fluid travels up the ascending limb, it becomes less and less concentrated because Na + and Cl – are pumped out.
Where are Vasa recta found?
In the blood supply of the kidney, the vasa recta renis (or straight arteries of kidney, or straight arterioles of kidney) form a series of straight capillaries in the medulla. They lie parallel to the loop of Henle.
What is the difference between Vasa recta and peritubular capillaries?
The main difference between vasa recta and peritubular capillaries is that the vasa recta are the blood capillaries that surround the loop of Henle in the juxtamedullary nephrons. But, peritubular capillaries are the blood capillaries that surround the PCT and DCT of the cortical nephrons.
Does the distal convoluted tubule reabsorb water?
The distal convoluted tubule and collecting ducts are then largely responsible for reabsorbing water as required to produce urine at a concentration that maintains body fluid homeostasis.
What role do the Vasa recta play in urine formation?
What role do the vasa recta play in urine formation? … The vasa recta protect the medullary osmotic gradient by preventing rapid removal of salt. C. The vasa recta receive the dilute filtrate from the distal convoluted tubule.
Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
The distal convoluted tubule is the nephron segment that lies immediately downstream of the macula densa. Although short in length, the distal convoluted tubule plays a critical role in sodium, potassium, and divalent cation homeostasis.
What does the Vasa recta contain?
The vasa recta of the kidney, (vasa rectae renis) are the straight arterioles, and the straight venules of the kidney, – a series of blood vessels in the blood supply of the kidney that enter the medulla as the straight arterioles, and leave the medulla to ascend to the cortex as the straight venules.
What is the shape of Vasa recta?
The vasa recta capillaries are long, hairpin-shaped blood vessels that run parallel to the loops of Henle. The hairpin turns slow the rate of blood flow, which helps maintain the osmotic gradient required for water reabsorption.
What is the function of the cortical nephron?
The nephron is made up of the renal corpuscle and renal tubule. Cortical nephrons are found in the renal cortex, while juxtamedullary nephrons are found in the renal cortex close to the renal medulla. The nephron filters and exchanges water and solutes with two sets of blood vessels and the tissue fluid in the kidneys.
What are the Vasa recta quizlet?
Vasa Recta. -Loop of capillaries. -Intimate contact with Loop of Henle. -Work together to create concentration gradient. -Permeable to water/salt.
Is the Vasa recta high or low pressure?
The hydrostatic pressure difference between the descending and ascending vasa recta is in the range of 2–4 mmHg and is in the range of 10–15 mmHg. The oncotic pressure difference is typically in the range of 10 mmHg and varies from 20 to 30 mmHg under normal conditions.
Why is Vasa recta absent in cortical nephron?
The proximity between the Henle’s loop and vasa recta, as well as the counter current in them help in maintaining an increasing osmolarity towards the inner medullary interstitium. This gradient is mainly caused by NaCl and urea. … This mechanism helps to maintain a concentration gradient in the medullary interstitium.
What is the role of the vasa recta in the urinary system quizlet?
What is the function of the vasa recta? It maintains the concentration gradient established by the loop of Henle. The primary function of the loop of Henle is: to generate a concentration gradient between the inner medulla and outer cortex.
What is Vasa recta Class 11?
Vasa recta are the series of long loops of thin-walled blood vessels (efferent arterioles) that dip down alongside the loop of Henle in the vertebrate kidney.
What is Vasa recta and its function?
Vasa Recta Function The vasa recta, the capillary networks that supply blood to the medulla, are highly permeable to solute and water. … The ability of the vasa recta to maintain the medullary interstitial gradient is flow dependent. A substantial increase in vasa recta blood flow dissipates the medullary gradient.
Is Vasa recta present in cortical nephron?
The superficial cortical nephrons have peritubular capillaries which branch off the efferent arterioles, and provide nutrients to the epithelial cells which are present there. … The juxtamedullary nephrons have a special structure within the peritubular capillaries, called the vasa recta.
What is the function of the Vasa recta peritubular capillaries?
In the renal system, peritubular capillaries are tiny blood vessels, supplied by the efferent arteriole, that travel alongside nephrons allowing reabsorption and secretion between blood and the inner lumen of the nephron.
What is a urine output of less than 500 mL day called?
Oliguria is decreased production of urine. It can be defined as a urine output that is less than 500 mL/day in adults.
What is the difference between a cortical and Juxtamedullary nephron?
Cortical nephrons have a short loop of Henle, which penetrates only the outer renal medulla. Juxtamedullary nephrons have a long loop of Henle extending deep into the renal medulla. … The juxtamedullary nephrons concentrate or dilute urine.