Question: How Can We Prevent The Spread Of Communicable Diseases?

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza.

Norovirus.

Mumps.

Tuberculosis.Pertussis.

Zika virus.

West Nile virus.Ebola.

Chikungunya virus.

Coronavirus (COVID-19).

What are the 5 levels of prevention?

Levels of the prevention are mainly categorized as primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What is the most effective method to control the spread of communicable disease quizlet?

Vaccines are one of the most effective methods of preventing and controlling communicable diseases.

How can we prevent diseases Class 9?

General Ways There should be limited exposure to airborne microbes by providing not so crowded living conditions. Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases. Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes. This prevents the spread of vector-borne diseases.

What is the #1 way to prevent the spread of infection?

The most important way to reduce the spread of infections is hand washing – always wash regularly with soap and water. Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that have one, when available. See the OSH Answers Hand Washing – Reducing the Risk of Common Infections for more details.

What are the 3 types of prevention?

The three levels of preventive care—primary, secondary, and tertiary care—are detailed below:Primary Prevention. Primary prevention aims to avoid the development of a disease or disability in healthy individuals. … Secondary Prevention. … Tertiary Prevention.

What are the causes of disease Class 9?

It may be caused due to the attack of pathogens (virus, bacteria), lack of nutritious diet/balanced diet and lack of public health services. The disease which lasts for only a short period of time is called Acute Disease. For example: Influenza (Flu), Common cold, etc. For example: TB, Cancer, etc.

How is prevention better than cure?

There are certain diseases that can not be treated so the prevention is better than cure. When someone is ill, person body functions get weakened and can never fully recover. It takes time to cure a disease and the person is likely to be in bedridden for some time, even though adequate care is provided to him.

Who is at risk of communicable diseases?

The risk of communicable diseases is associated primarily with the size and characteristics of the displaced population: specifically, the amount and availability of safe water and functioning latrines; the nutritional status of the displaced population; the level of immunity to vaccine-preventable diseases such as …

What are the methods of disease control?

General Disease Prevention and Control MeasuresPrevention of Environmental contamination.Control of Intermediate host, vectors and reservoirs.Control of internal parasites.Control of arthropod pests.Control and reducing the infection as soon as an outbreak occurs.Isolation of sick animals.Vaccination of farm animals.Deworming of animals.More items…

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•

Which steps would you take to prevent the spread of germs from a sick person?

Keep your germs to yourself: Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose. Discard used tissues in the trash as soon as you can. Always wash your hands after sneezing, blowing your nose, or coughing, or after touching used tissues or handkerchiefs.

What diseases are caused by bacteria?

Bacterial diseaseBacteria.Infectious disease.Cholera.Leprosy.Tuberculosis.Plague.Syphilis.Anthrax.More items…

Which action can prevent or stop the spread of communicable disease?

Washing hands properly is one of the most important and effective ways of stopping the spread of infections and illnesses. Wash your hands thoroughly using water and plain soap. Wash for at least 20 seconds and dry them completely.

What is the difference between prevention and control?

When we say prevention it refers to measures that are applied to prevent the occurrence of a disease. When we say control it refers to measures that are applied to prevent transmission after the disease has occurred.

Is hand washing primary prevention?

Hand hygiene is a way of cleaning one’s hands that substantially reduces potential pathogens (harmful microorganisms) on the hands. Hand hygiene is considered a primary measure for reducing the risk of transmitting infection among patients and health care personnel.

Which action can prevent or stop the spread of communicable diseases quizlet?

To prevent the spread of communicable diseases, one can avoid sharing personal items, wash hands, stay away from public places when ill and limit exposure to individuals with contagious diseases.

How can we prevent communicable disease?

Protect Yourself With Healthy Habits#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

How can we prevent airborne diseases?

What you can do to prevent spreading an airborne diseaseAvoid close contact with people who have active symptoms of disease.Stay home when you’re sick. … If you must be around others, wear a face mask to prevent spreading or breathing in germs.Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze.More items…

What are the main causes of communicable diseases?

Overview. Communicable, or infectious diseases, are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water.