How Are Healthcare Associated Infections Spread?

What are 6 ways health care providers can interrupt the chain of infection?

No matter the germ, there are 6 points at which the chain can be broken and a germ can be stopped from infecting others.

The 6 points include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, means of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host..

What is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection?

Hospital-acquired infections are caused by viral, bacterial, and fungal pathogens; the most common types are bloodstream infection (BSI), pneumonia (eg, ventilator-associated pneumonia [VAP]), urinary tract infection (UTI), and surgical site infection (SSI).

What is the most common healthcare associated infection?

13 most common healthcare-associated infectionsPneumonia: 21.8 percent of all healthcare-associated infections.Surgical-site infection: 21.8 percent.Gastrointestinal infection: 17.1 percent.Urinary tract infection: 12.9 percent.Primary bloodstream infections: 9.9 percent.Eye, ear, nose, throat or mouth infection: 5.6 percent.More items…•

What is the biggest contributing factor to the spread of healthcare infections?

These include, for example, patient characteristics, such as, age or underlying diseases or conditions that may compromise the immune system; presence of indwelling or invasive medical devices, such as catheters or breathing tubes; complications from surgical procedures; and antibiotic use.

How common are healthcare associated infections?

At any one time in the United States, 1 out of every 25 hospitalized patients are affected by an HAI. HAIs occur in all types of care settings, including: Acute care hospitals. Ambulatory surgical centers.

Is MRSA the most common type of healthcare associated infection?

Some of the most common types of HAIs include the following: Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI)

Who is responsible for infection prevention in a healthcare setting?

1-9 Who should take responsibility for the infection prevention and control programme? Every healthcare worker (under the Duty of Care law) has responsibility for preventing harm to themselves, fellow staff, visitors and patients.

Why is it important to reduce the number of healthcare associated infections?

HCAIs pose a serious risk to patients, staff and visitors. They can incur significant costs for the NHS and cause significant morbidity to those infected. As a result, infection prevention and control is a key priority for the NHS.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

How can health care associated infections be prevented?

Hand hygiene is the best way to prevent the spread of infection. Make sure that everyone around you, including your healthcare providers and visitors, clean their hands. If you don’t see that person washing their hands or using an alcohol based hand-rub, don’t feel bad about asking them to do so.

What three elements are needed for a healthcare associated infection to occur?

Transmission of infection within a health care setting requires three elements: a source of infecting microorganisms, a susceptible host, and a means of transmission for the microorganism to the host.